The Topic: 
Birds


Easier - Birds are warm-blooded creatures with two legs, wings, feathers, and a beak. All birds lay eggs and most can fly. There are about 8,600 different species of birds alive today.
 
Harder - Birds make up the scientific class Aves. They are warm-blooded, egg-laying vertebrate animals that are covered with feathers and possess forelimbs that have modified to become wings. Birds also have scaly legs, and no teeth (except in a few early fossil forms). They maintain a constant body temperature of about 41 degrees C (106 degrees F).
 
All birds today have descended from their flying ancestors, but a few such as ostriches, emus, some grebes, and cormorants have lost their capacity for aerial flight. Others, such as penguins, have become adapted to flying in a much denser medium, water. Birds are found in all habitats, from the icy shores of Antarctica to the hottest parts of the tropics, and from mountains, deserts, plains, and forests to open oceans and densely urbanized areas.
 
Websites for Specific Types of Birds
Go to our Birds Website for an index to over 100 websites on specific bird species.
 
 
 
Birds 
http://wings.ucdavis.edu/Book/Animals/intermediate/birds-01.html
Learn how birds fly in this site from the Aeronautics Internet Textbook.
Similar Information Site:
2) Flapping Flight http://www.catskill.net/evolution/flight/home.html
 
Guide to Birding (About.com) 
http://birding.about.com/hobbies/birding/?REDIR_404=yes
Website contains articles and Internet links to attracting birds, identifying birds, and bird behavior. The Birding for Kids section contains birding activities, games, and articles tailored for young readers.
Some Other Good Birding Sites:
2) Birding http://www.birder.com/
3) Birding (BBC Education) http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/birds/
4) The Nutty Birdwatcher http://www.nuthatch.birdnature.com/
 
Bird Sounds
http://www1.nhl.nl/~ribot/english/sounds1.htm
Here you find the sounds of birds indexed by both their common and scientific names.
Other Bird Sound Sites:
1) Bird Songs http://www.math.sunysb.edu/~tony/birds/
2) Voices of the Loon http://www.gmnphotography.com/voices.htm
 
Zoom Birds 
http://www.EnchantedLearning.com/subjects/birds/
Zoom Birds covers bird species, birding, fossils, bird extremes (biggest, fastest, etc.), the link between dinosaurs and birds, bird anatomy, backyard birding, bird as symbols, classification, evolution, jokes, classroom activities, and more.
 
After exploring several of the birds websites, complete one or more of the following activities.
 
Start a Birding Journal. Select a notebook. Then begin by recording your own bird sighting information. Decide what you are going to include in your journal. Find lots of help at sites like Birding's Bird Databases. Identify species new to you. Build your own database of bird information. Have lots of fun.
 
Build a Bird Habitat. Look at some of these bird habitat sites, then improve or develop some of your own feeding and watering sites, birdhouses, and landscaping. You may even want to join the Backyard Wildlife Habitat Program sponsored by the National Wildlife Federation. Gather ideas from the following sites: 
1) Attract Hummingbirds to Your Backyard! http://www.nwf.org/rangerrick/1998/aug98/hummer.html
2) Backyard Basics at Kaytee (Feeding, shelter, water and birdscaping) http://www.kaytee.com/wild/backyard/
3) Backyard Birding (Recipes for suet and treats, guides for birdhouses, landscaping) http://www.bcpl.lib.md.~tross/by/backyard.htmlus/
4) Backyard Wildlife: Feeding Birds http://www.ianr.unl.edu/PUBS/wildlife/g669.htm
5) Build a Swallow House at Family.com http://family.go.com/crafts/buildmodel/feature/famf199703_swallow/
6) Building Nest Structures, Feeders, and Photo Blinds . . . http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/tools/ndblinds/ndblinds.htm#c
ontents
7) Make a Feeder (National Wildlife Federation) http://www.nwf.org/rangerrick/feedbird.html
8) Nestboxes at The Nutty Birdwatcher http://www.nuthatch.birdnature.com/nestintro.html
9) Suet http://www.bcpl.lib.md.us/~tross/by/suet.html
10) Woodworking for Wildlife http://www.conservation.state.mo.us/nathis/woodwork/
 
Take a Journey into the World of Birds. Complete one of these bird webQuests by adapting or following the directions at one of the websites: 
1) Bb is for Birds by Brenda Seguin & Sharon Thayer (Grade K-2) http://www.esc20.net/etprojects/formats/webquests/spring2000/fisd
3032k/bswq/default.html
2) The Bald Eagle http://www.can-do.com/uci/lessons98/Eagle.html
3) Eagles WebQuest http://coe.west.asu.edu/students/igrubbs/img/ott/Eagles.html
4) Bird WebQuest http://webtech.kennesaw.edu/least/webquest.htm
5) Bluebird Quest http://www2.lhric.org/kat/blue.htm
6) Penquins (Grade 2-3) http://www.wallowa.k12.or.us/students/penguins/penguins.html
7) There's An Owl In The Shower http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-749.html
 
Follow in Audubon's Way. Try drawing the birds that you identify. First start by observing as many birds as possible. Pay attention to the details of relative size, their actions, coloration, etc. . . and then make your own drawings. Keep at it, watch for your own improvement. Decide which drawings you like the best. You might want to make and use personalized note cards with your artwork on the cover.
 
Create Origami Birds. You may want to start at Learn2 Make Basic Origami and start by trying to follow their instructions for folding a bird. Another site is Diagrams on Paperfolding which also has many links to other Origami.
 
Websites By Kids For Kids (ThinkQuest & ThinkQuest Junior)
The Nest: Nick and Sam's Bird Page 
http://tqjunior.advanced.org/3879/
This is all about birds. It tells you about the best feeders and food for each kind of bird. It also has a bird game.
 
Endangered Birds of Prey 
http://tqjunior.advanced.org/5861/
Here you find information about several endangered bird species plus protection laws and falconry.
 
Common Birds of New England 
http://tqjunior.advanced.org/5078/
The directory has information about twenty of the most commonly seen birds in New England. Other features include bird watching tips, how to attract birds, unuasual facts, and more.
 
The Wonderous World of Exotic Birds 
http://tqjunior.advanced.org/3556/
Here you can find information about toucans, ospreys, bald eagles, puffins, owls, and more. 
 
A Flock More Birdsites
A to Z of Birds
http://edu.leeds.ac.uk/~edu/technology/epb97/forest/azbirds.htm
Learn about birds' beaks, eggs, and feet! Read up on the barn owl, blackbird, and other birds.
 
Aliens Explore Earth: Birds 
http://www.alienexplorer.com/ecology/topic26.html
Site contains articles on a bunch of different types of birds (Written for middle school students).
 
Bird On! 
http://birdcare.com/birdon/welcome_text.html
These wild bird pages include pictures, descriptions of individual birds, and a dictionary of bird information.
 
Birds (Canadian Museum of Nature) 
http://www.nature.ca/notebooks/english/birdpg.htm
:Here you can find information and drawings of a huge variety of birds, from chickens to pelicans to the Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker.
 
BirdNet 
http://www.nmnh.si.edu/BIRDNET/index.html
BirdNet provides this giant information site about ornithology, the scientific study of birds.
 
BirdSource 
http://birdsource.cornell.edu/index.html
This site promotes bird watching, education, and conservation. Includes information on different species, bird counts, and what you can do to help.
 
Kaytee Discovery Zone 
http://www.kaytee.com/discovery/
Learn about different bird habitats and the birds which live there. Also find out about bird anatomy, diet, scientific classification, and more.
Another Kaytee Bird Page:
(2) Wild Birds http://www.kaytee.com/wild/
 
Life of Birds 
http://www.pbs.org/lifeofbirds/
Here is the companion site to the PBS show by David Attenborough. It has information on bird songs, evolution, bird parenthood, and lots more.
 
National Audubon Society 
http://www.audubon.org/
This official site of the Audubon organization contains information about bird conservation, bird species, Audubon adventures (Kids & Education section), and much more.
 
Peterson Online: Birds 
http://www.petersononline.com/
This site includes the Bird Watcher's Digest and special feature birds. There are also tips on identifying those tricky species.
 
Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center 
http://web2.si.edu/smbc/
Find information about the migratory habits of many kinds of birds. Includes fact sheets, a bird of the month, and conservation information.
 
Summer Snacks for Birds (National Wildlife Federation) 
http://www.nwf.org/rangerrick/1998/jun98/sumfeed.html
Here are easy ways you can invite birds to snack. Summer's a great time to feed them.
 
WatchList for Kids (Audubon Adventures) 
http://www.audubon.org/bird/watch/kids/index.html
By taking action now, you can help prevent these at-risk birds from becoming threatened or
endangered birds on the brink of extinction. Take a look at the WatchList and learn what it's all about. 
 
Websites for Specific Types of Birds
Go to our Birds Website for an index to over 100 websites on specific bird species.
 
Website for Teachers
Birds by Patricia Shawcross and Tonya Tehranie (Thematic unit, third grade) 
http://www.libsci.sc.edu/miller/birds.htm
Students will explore endangered species of birds located in the U.S. and expand their knowledge of preservation and basic facts about endangered birds.
 
Bird Songs (Newton's Apple) 
http://www.pbs.org/ktca/newtons/13/songb.html
How does a bird learn its song? Why does it sing? What is a bird "saying" when it sings? Guide learners in finding the answers with this lesson plan.
 
Broad-winged Hawk by Dr. Nancy Cothern (Grade 1-3, Soarin' Hawk Raptor Rehabilitation) 
http://www.soarinhawk.org/l-bwh.html
Learners investigate the appearance, habitat, and living habits of the broad-winged hawk. 
 
Classroom FeederWatch 
http://birds.cornell.edu/cfw/
Involve your students in identifying and counting birds that visit their feeders, using the Internet to share data with scientists, analyzing data to answer their own questions, using their findings to describe how the natural world works, and publishing results in Classroom Birdscope, a newsletter written and designed by students.
 
Everyday Birds (Teachnet) 
http://teachnet.com/lesson/misc/birds041499.html
Read some ideas for the classroom and find a few links for the study of birds.
 

bird

bird watching

identification

'birding'

wader

songbird

waterfowl

wing

fowl

raptor

duck

seabird

geese

flight

'jizz'

landing

soaring

diving

glide

ornithology

feather

airfoil

keratin

beak

feet

migration

nest

flock

egg

roost

dinosaur

wingspan

nest

songbird

plumage

brood

clutch

crest

estuary

fledgling

gizzard

moult

down

preening

talon

 
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 1/99, Updated, 4/00, Update by Nancy Smith 5/02