The Topic: 
Bubbles


Easier - Bubbles are round pockets of air or other gases in liquid (such as boiling water, fizzy drinks) or solid materials (plastic, glass). Bubbles can also be a thin, ball-shaped film of liquid that has gas trapped inside.
 
Harder - A bubble is a spherical mass of gas surrounded by a liquid or solid.
 
Soap bubbles are shaped by an equilibrium between their outward air pressure and the inward surface tension of the soap film. The detergent molecules tend to line up with one end pointing inward and the other outward, making the liquid surface more stable. The thickness of the soap film layer is due to these detergent molecules and is uniform for all size bubbles. Colors are seen because of the light diffraction through the soap film.
 
 
 Professor Bubbles' Bubblesphere 
http://bubbles.org/
Find out everything that you need to know about bubbles.
 
Bubbles 
http://www.exploratorium.edu/ronh/bubbles/bubbles.html
What is so fascinating about bubbles? The precise spherical shape, the incredibly fragile nature of the microscopically thin soap film, the beautiful colors that swirl and shimmer, or most likely, a combination of all these phenomena? Let's look at the forces that mold bubbles.
 
Blowing Bubbles: Good Clean Fun (FamilyFun Magazine) 
http://family.go.com/raisingkids/learn/activities/feature/famf77bubbles/famf77bubbles.html
To blow a stream of beautiful bubbles, kids need only a casual knowledge of soap science. A delightful way to introduce the subject is with a homemade bubble factory.
 
Thinking Fountain: Bubble Geometry (Univ. of Minnesota) 
http://www.sci.mus.mn.us/sln/tf/b/bubblegeometry/bubblegeometry.html
Create bubble wands out of found objects (straws, pipe cleaners, strawberry baskets and coat hangers) and have your own bubble festival (This is a small site with pictures and some good probing questions about bubbles).
 
 Explore several of the websites below; then complete a bubble project or activity:
 
Bubbles and Balloons. After learning about bubbles at Professor Bubbles' Bubblesphere and Bubbles, explain how bubbles and balloons are alike and how they are different.
 
Write a Bubble Poem. Compose a poem about bubbles. Illustrate your poetry with an illustration created with KidPix. To read a bubble poem, go to an Ode to a Bubble.
 
Have a Bubble Contest. Using a recipe from Super Soap Bubbles, Bubbles, or Bubbles66, create your own bubble solution. You can also get good ideas at Soap Bubbles, Bubbles-Science World, and Amazing Bubbles. Experiment to find out what the best formula is; try increasing and decreasing the ingredients. Keep a log of your results. Visit Thinking Fountain: Bubble Geometry and then try constructing unique, different-shaped bubble wands. Use different materials to construct the wands. Find out which ones work the best. Photograph your competition. As a fun finale, have a bubble gum blowing contest.
 
 
Try Some Bubble Experiments. Learn more about bubbles by completing some experiments. You can experiment by making bubbles and antibubbles. You can investigate what kind of milk makes the best bubbles. Have fun with one or more of these. 
1) Floating Soap Bubbles http://scifun.chem.wisc.edu/HOMEEXPTS/SOAPBUBL.html
2) Antibubbles http://www.jtan.com/antibubble
3) Bubble Geometry http://www.sci.mus.mn.us/sln/tf/b/bubblegeometry/bubblegeometry.html
4) Which Makes Better Bubbles, Skim Milk or Whole? http://www.biotech.wisc.edu/Education/FunFoodStuff/skim.html
5) Molecular Forces at Work: Creating Soap Bubbles http://www.iit.edu/~smile/ch8709.html
6) Soap Films Made Easy http://home.earthlink.net/~marutgers/science/soapbasics/soapbasics.html

 

Bubblegum.com 
http://www.bubblegum.com/
Here you can find out the ingredients and how bubblegum is made, how to blow bubbles, and lots more.
 
Giant Gum Bubble 
http://www.dimensional.com/~bkelly/bgpage/index.html
A website dedicated to people who strive to blow bigger and bigger bubble gum bubbles.
 
History of Chewing Gum 
http://members.aol.com/RKaczur/history.htm
Where did chewing gum originate?
 
Bubble Gum Science Project 
http://spidey.sfusd.edu/schwww/sch773/review/gumproject.html
What kind of bubble gum would blow the biggest bubble: Bubbicious, Jolly Rancher Gum, Bubble Yum, Bazooka, or Big League Chew?
 
Chewing Gum and Bubble Gum
http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blgum.htm
A little chewing gum history from Thomas Adams tire chicle to the Diemer bubble gum.
 
More Bubbles Websites to Explore
The Art and Science of Bubbles 
http://www.sdahq.org/new1198/kids/bubbles/Welcome.html
A great site that contains bubble art, a recipe and techniques for bigger better bubbles, an ode to a bubble, and lots more bubble fun including teaching how to predict a bubble pop!
 
Bubbles Theme Page 
http://www.cln.org/themes/bubbles.html
This links-page connects to two types of bubble resources: curricular resources (information, content...) to help learn about this topic and instructional materials (lesson plans).
 
Antibubbles 
http://www.jtan.com/antibubble/
Learn what an antibubble is and how to make one.
Related Website:
2) Making Antibubbles http://www.eskimo.com/~billb/amateur/antibub/antibub1.html
 
Super Soap Bubbles 
http://www.madsci.org/experiments/archive/854588066.Ph.html
Here you will find a recipe for a super soap bubble mixture. The site recommends adult supervision.
Similar formula can be found at this site:
http://www.angelfire.com/oh/bubbles66/
 
Bubbles (U.S. Dept. of Education) 
http://www.ed.gov/pubs/parents/Science/bubbles.html
Who doesn't enjoy blowing bubbles? You can make bubbles at home, and they can be beautiful shapes and colors!
 
Teacher Site
Bubbleology (Grade 5-8, Grade 9-12) 
http://www.hood-consulting.com/amazing/lessons/bubble/bubble.html
This integrated module will use bubbles to investigate physics and chemistry topics including the optics and chemistry of thin films as well as applications in biology and measurement.
 
Molecular Forces At Work: Creating Soap Bubbles 
http://www.iit.edu/~smile/ch8709.html
The webpage has a Chemistry lesson plan for helping students discover how the terms "surface tension," "cohesion," and "adhesion" are related to soap bubbles.
 

soap film

bubble

surface tension

antibubble

balance

color

adhesion

shape

membrane

air

surface

minimal

mixture

cohesion

pressure

wand

solid

gas

liquid

diffraction

bubblegum

water

wand

solution

balloon

 
 
 
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson,Update by Nancy Smith 10/01