- Easier - Mining is
the work or business of taking minerals from the
earth. A hole or tunnel is dug in the ground to take
out metals, coal, salt, or other minerals.
- Harder - Most
substances obtained from the earth are gotten by
mining. Mining provides iron for steel making, salt
for food, coal for fuel, and gold, silver, and
diamonds for jewelry. Mined materials also include
stone for building, phosphate for fertilizer, and
gravel for highways.
- There are many methods of mining, dependent on
where and how a coal or mineral deposit is found. Some
substances are mined relatively cheap because they can
be found at or near the earth's surface. Some minerals
are found as a compact mass, while others are widely
scattered. Other mined materials are found far beneath
the surface and removed by tunneling deep underground.
Some mined substances are located beneath oceans,
lakes, and rivers. Other minerals are concentrated in
large bodies of water and are obtained by
Safety and Health Administration's Kid's
- Explore this site and learn more about
and the Environment at About.com
- This site connects you to government, industry and
environment groups dealing with mining and environment
issues in the United States and around the world.
- Related Websites:
- 2) Environmental Considerations of Active and
Abandoned Mines, U.S. Geological Survey
Bulletin 2220 (Download pdf)
- 3) How Coal Mining Produces Pollution in the Upper
Conemaugh River Basin
- 4) Mining Waste at the National Mining
- 5) Mining and Its Environmental Effects http://soilslab.cfr.washington.edu/esc110/2000Spring/projects/Group26/
- 6) Tearing Down the Mountains from U.S. News
- This website contains and links to information on
mining history around the world.
- Related Websites:
- 2) Mining History Association http://www.lib.mtu.edu/mha/mha.htm
- This comprehensive site focuses on the latest news
related to mining and mining issues.
- Other Comprehensive Mining Information
- 2) InfoMine http://www.infomine.com/
- 3) Mining Journal Limited http://www.mininginformation.com/
- Related Links-Site:
- 4) National Mining Association http://www.nma.org/
- 5) Links and Connections from the Office of
Surface Mining, Department of the Interior
- Before you complete one or more of the
following activities, make sure that you
explore several of the mining
- Create A Mining Map. Begin with
a map of your state, the United States,
North America, or another continent. Then
find out what types of mining is being
done within the region. Identify the
different types of mining that are taking
place and find the production rates.
Display your finished 'Mining Map.'
- Make A Mine Safety Poster.
Before starting to create your poster,
visit several of the sites for mine and
mining safety - - Stay
Out - Stay Alive: Mine Hazard Awareness
Campaign and Safety
and Health Information at MSHA.
- Pick a Mineral. Select a
mineral and learn about how it is mined.
Compare the mining practices and processes
of your mineral with other minerals.
Invent a new "high tech" tool that could
be used in mining this mineral.
- Rush for Riches. Explore the
history of a mining community. What is the
relationship between the mining operation
and the community? Create a visual map
showing the mine and its effect on the
individual and small town.
- Get Organized. Mines were the
locations of some of the first organized
labor groups. Why did the miners feel it
was important to organize their concerns
and interests? Trace the history of the
labor movement in the mining
- Construct A Model of A Mine.
Visit some of the mining websites to learn
about the different types of mines. Then,
construct a model of a mine.
- Mine Your Own Region. What type
of mining or extraction takes place in
your region? Don't forget the mining of
rock and aggregates such as limestone,
gravel, rock quarries, etc. Are there
abandoned mines? Find out about the
history of mining in your area. Interview
someone who has worked in the industry.
Gather photographs, maps, and information
related to local mining. Put together your
research findings into a presentation.
Place your completed project in the
library or online.
- Complete A Mining WebQuest.
Follow or adapt the procedures found at
the webQuest sites:
- 1) Beverley Mine WebQuest
- 2) Mining and the Community
WebQuest by A. Barnett
- 3) Mining and the
Environment by A. Lee (Grades
- Websites By Kids For Kids
Mining and Related Information for Golden,
Colorado by P. Murray and E. Wallin
- This web site is a brief collection of information
available on coal mining activity in Golden,
in Nevada County
- Learn about types of mining and accompany a class
on a visit to a historic mine.
For Riches: a Portrait of Mining in America
(2000 ThinkQuest Junior Project)
- Take a cyber-journey into American mining and its
effects on the individual, society, culture and
of the Comstock (1999 ThinkQuest for
- This site provides content, activities, and lesson
plans related to the fields of study of science of
Physics, Chemistry, Earth Science, and Environmental
Science applied to the historically and industrially
important mining on the Comstock.
- More Mining Websites
Deportation of 1917
- Learn about the Arizona event that influenced the
labor movement throughout the United States. What
started as a labor dispute between copper mining
companies and their workers turned into vigilante
action against the allegedly nefarious activities of
the Industrial Workers of the World (I.W.W.).
- This comprehensive site provides information and
resources on coal and coal mining.
- Other Coal Mining Sites:
- 2) American Coal Foundation http://www.acf-coal.org/
- 3) Black Diamond Net http://home.earthlink.net/~bela1/index.html
- 4) Coalcracker http://www.tnonline.com/coalcracker/home.html
- 5) Coal Facts (Illinois) http://www.commerce.state.il.us/resource_efficiency/Coal/facts.htm
- 6) Coal Mine at Museum of Science and Industry,
- 7) Coalming in Castlecomer (Ireland) http://www.sip.ie/sip019B/index1.htm
- 8) Coal Mining, Mine Fires, & The Molly
- 9) Coal Mining in the Gilded Age and Progressive
- 10) Early Days of Coal Mining in Northern Illinois
by R. Joyce http://www.kentlaw.edu/ilhs/earlydays.html
- 11) Everything You Need to Know About Coal
- 12) Facts About Coal from National Mining
- 13) Haig Colliery Mining Museum (United Kingdom)
- 14) History of Coal Mining in Nova Scotia
- 15) In Search of King Coal at BHP http://www.BHP.com/default.asp?page=738
- 16) Kentucky Coal Education History Page http://www.coaleducation.org/
- 17) Office of Surface Mining (A Bureau of
the U.S. Department of the Interior)
- 18) Strip Mining Coal http://geogweb.berkeley.edu/GeoImages/Starrs/DRAGLINE.html
- 19) Unofficial History of Coal Mining in Illawarra
(New South Wales, Australia)
- 20) Virtual Museum of Coal Mining in Western
- 21) West Virginia Coal Mining Facts http://www.state.wv.us/mhst/wvcoalfacts.htm
- 22) What Coal Miners Do from United Mine
Workers of America http://www.umwa.org/mining/colminrs.shtml
- 23) World Coal Institute http://www.wci-coal.com/pages/framemaster.htm
Dorado Gold Mine of Fairbanks, Alaska
- Make an online visit to the El Dorado, an historic
mine in the district where the rush started back in
- Other Related Websites:
- 2) California Gold Country http://www.malakoff.com/goldcountry/maintcgc.htm
- 3) Gold Mining in North Carolina http://members.home.net/teylu/jenkins/gold_nc.html
- 4) Lebanon Silver Mine (Colorado) http://www.gtownloop.com/mine.html
- 5) Old Hundred Gold Mine Tour (Colorado) http://www.minetour.com/
- 6) Reed Gold Mine (North Carolina) http://www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/sections/hs/reed/reed.htm
Salt City Beneath Detroit by P. Zacharias,
The Detroit News
- Learn about the gigantic salt mine, operated until
1983, that lies 1,200 feet beneath the industrial
heart of Detroit. The mine, formerly operated by the
International Salt Mine Company, spreads out over more
than 1,400 acres and has 50 miles of roads.
- Another Salt Mine Site:
- 2) Hallstatt Salt Mine http://www.salzbergwerke.com/traces.htm
Mine in Montana is a Lode of Controversy from
the Philadelphia Enquirer
- Read about a modern mining controversy centered on
a community near Yellowstone National Park - - what
could become a 2000s version of the Gold Rush. Crown
Butte Mines, Inc. says that the old prospectors just
missed striking a lode that holds an estimated $600
million in gold, silver and other metals.
Dreams and Silver Linings:' A History of Mining in
Idaho from the Idaho Mining
- In the Fall of 1860, a party of ten prospectors
led by Captain E.D. Pierce entered the Nez Perce
Reservation in search of mineral wealth.
(Copper) from Asarco
- This brief site provides information about
open-pit copper mining in Arizona.
Collection Collection at University of
- This collection of mining photographs depict
various types of mining machinery and camps from the
nineteenth century to modern times.
Industry in the Susquehanna River Basin
- This site focuses on mining and its effects on the
- Other Sites About Mining:
- 2) Mining: Search, Exporation, and Development at
Saskatchewan Interactive http://interactive.usask.ca/skinteractive/modules/mining/search/
- 3) Mining Methods at Frontier Trails of the Old
- This site for the mining industry connects to
information and sources for equipment, products, and
services for mining.
- WIM was founded in 1972 in Denver, Colorado, by
several women whose intent was to facilitate education
about the mining industry.
Out - Stay Alive: Mine Hazard Awareness
Campaign (Mine Safety & Health
- This is the site of a national public awareness
campaign aimed at warning children and adults about
the dangers of exploring and playing on active and
abandoned mine sites.
- Related Safety Websites:
- 2) Health Hazard Information from MSHA
- 3) Keepout: Old Mines Can Be Dangerous http://www.osmre.gov/keepout.htm
- 4) Mining Accident and Injury Information at
- 5) Mining Industry Accident, Injuries, Employment,
and Production Statistics http://www.msha.gov/ACCINJ/accinj.htm
- 6) Safety and Health Information at MSHA
- Websites For Teachers
Activities at Women in Mining
- This site has a collection of activities designed
to teach about mining and minerals.
- Related Website:
- 2) Games at Women in Mining http://www.womeninmining.org/games.htm
and Coal Mining
- In the book, Rebels in the Shadows, the Flannerys
like everyone around them, are bound intextricably to
the mines. Here is a plan to integrate this story into
a unit about mining.
- Captain Catherine guides learners through the coal
mining process. During your students adventure, they
will learn the different types of mining used in the
United States and the factors that determine the type
of mining used.
Problems on Coal and Energy by J. Bryant
(Grade 7-8) at Yale-New Haven Teachers
- The purpose of this unit is to provide an
historical aspect to the developments which lead to
the discovery of coal and coal mining through the
origins and kinds of coal; types and methods of coal
mining, hazards of mining, measures of safety and
chemical byproducts of coal.
Pony in the Classroom
- The lesson plans in this unit focus on two themes:
the human element and mapping. Each lesson can be used
independently or in combination with one or more of
the other lessons.
Unit on Gold by R.R. Avila and L. Jones
- This unit is organized to provide the student with
information, history, hands-on experience and the
process of mining and extracting minerals from mother
room & pillar mining
open pit mining
hard rock mining
adit or slope
- Created by