- Easier - The
polar regions are the icy areas around the North and
South Pole. The Arctic and Antarctic are in the polar
regions. Polar bears, penguins, seals, whales, and
walrus are a few of the wildlife that live in these
very cold regions.
- Harder - The
cold polar regions are found on the far south and
north ends of the globe. During the winter the sun
never rises and the during the summer the sun never
sets. When the sun does shine, it is very weak. The
weather is very cold year around. The polar regions
were the last places on Earth to be explored. There is
much debate over the valuable oil and mineral
resources available in the polar regions.
- The southern polar region is called Antarctica.
This ice-covered continent is larger than the United
States and is surrounded by ice and water. It contains
a 16,000 foot mountain. Even in the summer, it rarely
gets above freezing. Although it is dry, cold, and
very windy, scientists and visitors live here. An
international treaty allows people of many nations to
- The northern polar region is called the Arctic.
The Arctic is a huge ocean surrounded by land. Most of
the ocean is frozen, but there are areas where the
Inuit people live. The Arctic fringe is tundra covered
with low grass plains.
- Keep in mind that although it's cold in both the
Arctic and Antarctic, there are many differences. For
example, the animal and sea life differ. Polar bears
are found in the Arctic, while penguins are found in
- This website is dedicated to the study of the
people who live in the Arctic region including their
culture and history. It also contains information
about the environment including the plant and animal
life of the area.
- This website follows a group of explorers who
trekked to the North and South Pole. Users can follow
journals, phone call logs, photos, maps, and other
artifacts and documents from their trip. The website
also contains lots of activities.
- Other Virtual Tour Websites:
- 2) A Tourist Expedition of Antarctica http://www.leeandkristin.net/Antarctica/Story.html
- 3) Virtual Antarctica: TerraQuest http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/~kpt/terraquest/va
- 4) Virtual Tour: Antarctica http://astro.uchicago.edu/cara/vtour/
- 5) Welcome to the Ice http://www.theice.org/
of the Ice: An Antarctic Expedition
- This museum-sponsored website contains sections
titled explore Antarctica, ice core research,
scientific expedition, expedition headquarters, and
learning resources. In this website users will learn
more about the Antarctica's environment and the
research being conducted there. Try three fun
activities: dressing for the weather, interpreting ice
core data, and calculating sea level rise.
- This great site for children provides lots of
information about Antarctica including animals,
science basics, explorers, maps, snow and cold
information, dinosaur information, and meteorites.
You'll also find a quiz and jokes.
- Other Good Informational Resources for
- 2) Shackleton's Voyage of Endurance
- Visit several of the Polar Region
websites, then select and complete one or
more of these activities.
- Follow an Antarctic Voyage.
Read current reports from the TEA
Explore other recent Antarctic
- Survive at the Poles. Could you
survive in Antarctica? Take the Weather
Plan the food you would need to survive
fact file/science/food.htm). Create a
plan for your own "armchair"
- Write a Newspaper. Read an
issue of (1) The Antarctic Sun
(2) The New South Pole Times
and (3) The Antarctic (http://www.usatoday.com/weather/antarc/acoldsci.htm)
to learn about what's happening in the
Antarctic right now. Take the most
important events from the past few issues
and create your own Antarctic newsletter.
Be sure to check out their cartoons and
- Create a Trivia Game. Use the
following trivia sites: (1) Did You
and (2) IceTrek (http://www.adventure-network.com/subpage.asp?navid=3&id=21).
Create a polar regions game.
- Dress for the Poles. What would
you wear for a trip to the poles? Try the
Dressing for the Weather (http://www.secretsoftheice.org/explore/dress.html)
activity. Create a life-sized poster
showing what you would wear to the poles
- Be a Weather Watcher. Check out
the (1) Understanding Antarctic Weather
and (2) Antarctic Weather
Look at the (3) Mawson Station Webcam,
to see a recent photo. Record the weather
where you live and compare it to the
weather in Antarctica. What's the
- Write an Adventure. Use the
photos from the (1) IceTrek Gallery
and (2) Images of Antarctica
in a short story about a polar adventure.
Be sure to use factual information in your
story including weather, climate, and
other information. Read some frequently
asked questions about (3) life in
Check out a student project (4) (http://www.sonic.net/~rickm/emia/christina/index.html).
- Make a Map. Explore the (1)
Maps of Polar Regions and Oceans
(2) Ocean Floor Map (http://www.go.hrw.com/atlas/norm_htm/oceans.htm),
and (3) Virtual Antarctica
Check out the interactive map of (4)
Palmer Station (http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/antarctica2/main/s_index.html).
Create your own map or print out a map
Include important sites and expeditions on
your map. Or, create a wall mural of
- Explore an Explorer. Read each
of the (1) Arctic Episodes
and learn what it was like to on an early
Arctic explorer. Learn about (2)
Richard E. Byrd (http://www.south-pole.com/p0000107.htm).
Then, learn about other polar explorers at
(3) Antarctic Explorers (http://www.south-pole.com/homepage.html)
and (4) Zoom (http://www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers/antarctica.shtml).
Who do you think has made the biggest
contribution to polar exploration?
- Plan a Trip. You've just won
the lottery. Plan a trip to Antarctica.
Learn about Antarctica at Lonely
Check out what the adventure companies
offer for trips. Which would you choose?
Why? Try AdventurQuest.com.
- Be a Historian. Learn about the
history of the Antarctic. Create a
timeline. Use the following website for
ideas: Antarctic History (http://www.antarcticconnection.com/antarctic/history/).
Choose an era in Antarctica history.
Compare your era with the others.
- Ask an Expert. Create a concept
map showing what you've learned about the
polar regions. Use the Ask Jack
to ask a question about Antarctica.
- Read a Wind Chill Table. Try
the Wind Chill Table
- Protect the Poles. Explore
issues related to the polar regions. For
example, you might focus on the
the region. Create a "Protect the Poles"
poster that focuses on an issue such as
acid rain, global warming, ozone
depletion, mining, wildlife protection, or
- Be a Wildlife Watcher. Learn
about the wildlife of Antarctica at (1)
and (2) British Anarctica Survey
Choose a particular type of wildlife such
as (3) penguins (http://42explore.ocm/penguin.htm),
seals, birds, or whales to explore.
- Write a Riddle. Read the
Antarctica Jokes (http://www.enchantedlearning.com/school/Antarctica/Jokes.shtml)
and take the Antarctica Quiz
both from Enchanted Learning. Write
your own riddle and create a bulletin
board of jokes. Use facts in your
- Complete a Polar Region
WebQuest. Follow or adapt the
procedures found at one of the following
- 1) A Month in Antarctica
. . .
- 2) Antarctica Exploration
- 3) Can We Live Anywhere on
Earth? Should We?
- 4) Greetings from Antarctica
by John Burke (Grade 6-8) http://spidey.sfusd.k12.ca.us/schwww/sch529/jburke/greetings/arcintro.html
- 5) Penguin WebQuest
- 6) Polar Animals (Grade 2)
- 7) Polar Bear (Grade 1)
- 8) Polar Ice Caps http://edweb.sdsu.edu/courses/EDTEC596/Units/Pole/main.html
- 9) Polar Regions WebQuest
- 10) Race to the South Pole
- Websites By Kids For Kids
Animals Home (1998 ThinkQuest Junior
- The Arctic has many unique animals. This site has
stories, pictures, interesting facts, and some fun
The Continent of Wonder (ThinkQuest
- This Thinkquest project provides basics factual
information about Antarctica.
The White Cap of Earth (ThinkQuest
- This student project explores the North Pole
Cold Creatures (ThinkQuest
- This Thinkquest junior project explores the
mammals, birds, and fish of the cold regions of the
Bears (ThinkQuest Junior)
- Learn about polar bears.
to Antarctica (ThinkQuest Project)
- This student project focuses on all aspects of
- More Polar Regions Websites
Philatelic Home Page
- This website provides excellent historical
information about explorations to Antarctic. It also
provides information about historic stamps related to
- This online newsletter contains interesting
insights into the daily life of people in
- Explore images, expedition information, and other
information from the Australian Antarctic
of the Tundra and Arctic Alaska at Prehistory
of Alaska, National Park Service
- This article summarizes the prehistoric tundra and
arctic portion of Alaska.
- Follow a coast guard ice breaker as it travels to
the Arctic. Learn about the people and places along
the Alaskan coast on the way to the Arctic.
- This website focuses on three themes that are
crucial to the future of the people, land, and waters
of the Arctic and Subarctic region: natural resources,
history and culture; social equity and environmental
- This project contains an introduction to
Antarctica including an overview, scientific data,
history, and glossary information. The expedition
section discusses what it would be like to live and
work in Antarctica. The weather section contains lots
of information about meteorology including jobs,
tools, and the weather of Antarctica. The ice section
explores questions related to ice formation and
glaciers. The ocean section explores the topic of
oceanography and specific information about the Arctic
and Antarctic Oceans. Finally, the site provides news
on current opportunities and projects.
- Find out about McMurdo Station, Palmer Station,
South Pole Station, and other resources and
from Antarctica 2
- The is NASA sponsored site contains information
and resources for students and teachers. This project
was originally developed in 1996 and was updated in
1997-1998. Students can explore biographies and field
journals of various members of an expedition including
an ornithologist, oceanographer, environmental
physiologist and other researchers. Explore activities
and student projects.
Planet: Destination Antarctica
- Explore information about travel in
- Polar Research
- This website provides information about the polar
research done by the National Science Foundation.
- Explore life on sea ice of Antarctica.
Antarctic Odyssey at Nova Online
- NOVA journeyed into ice-choked Antarctic waters
and onto the shores of rugged Elephant and South
Georgia Islands following the footsteps of Sir Ernest
Shackleton. This legendary explorer's 1914-1916
Endurance expedition is one of the greatest survival
stories of all time.
- This resource provides information about the
southern ocean including the islands, high seas,
seals, penguins, and science of the area.
- Explore the sea life of Ross Island and McMurdo
Sound in Antarctica.
Today: Cold Science
- Learn about Antarctica weather and travel. Explore
a map and photo gallery. Use the "Ask Jack" section to
ask a question.
- This website provides lots of polar region
from the Ice at Nova Online
- Explore how Antarctica's ice has preserved the
past -- from Chernobyl to the little ice age -- going
back hundreds of thousands of years, and then see how
the world's coastlines would recede if some or all of
this ice were to melt. Also check out scores of
astonishing facts about the white continent, and what
it's like to live and work there.
- Websites for Teachers
- Explore a series of activities on Antarctica
including discussions, demonstrations, mapping, and a
and Penguin Activities
- Great resources for young students.
Marine Ecosystem (Grades 7-9)
- This lesson explores the marine ecology of
Unit Plan (Grades 6-8)
- Students explore and then take part in discussions
on issues facing Antarctica, expressing their own
opinion and accepting diverse opinions.
- In this lesson, students explore the many
countries who have flags that fly over
- This teacher guide provides activities related to
- Explore this lesson on cold and insulation. What
materials offer the best protection against the
- This site provides a series of lessons on topics
related to Antarctica including penguin adaptation,
blubber glove, changes in the Antarctic ice sheet,
chick die-off, coping with the cold, creating
plankton, and salt concentration.
Pole Adventure Web Page
- Sponsored by The Center of Astrophysical Research
in Antarctica, the site looks at experiments to
perform at the South pole, travelogues, webcams and
a Virtual Trip Antarctica
- Explore fifteen Antarctica teaching activities
across the grades and across the curriculum.
- TEA: Teachers
Experiencing Antarctica and the Arctic
- This website lists opportunities to join projects
and explore polar region information resources. The
activities section links to an excellent list of
units, lessons, and student project ideas.
Field Trip to Antarctica
- Explore this great unit Antarctica. The website
contains lots of activities and resources for
- Created by
Updated by the King Family,