The Topic:
Pottery

Easier - Pottery are objects that are first shaped of wet clay, then hardened by baking. Pottery includes both decorative and practical items such as bowls, vases, dishes, and lamps.
 
Harder - Pottery is a decorative or useful ware made of baked clay. Pottery includes valuable works of art, inexpensive dinnerware, vases, and other simple household items, all made by professional potters. The word pottery also refers to the factory that makes pottery. Pottery ware is part of a larger product group called ceramics that encompasses bricks, cement, sewer pipes, and other industrial products. Four steps are needed to make a pottery product: preparing the clay mixture, shaping the clay, decorating and glazing the item, and firing (baking). The firing temperature gives pottery its finished appearance and its strength.
 
There are three major pottery types: (1) earthenware, (2) stoneware, and (3) porcelain. Each type is distinguished by its clay mixture and the temperature at which it is baked or fired. Earthenware is a pottery clay mixture that is fired at a lower temperature. The low baking temperature allows the use of colorful glazes, but also yields a pottery that cracks and chips more easily than other types. Stoneware pottery is made of a heavier clay mixture that gives it greater strength. Stoneware is fired at a much higher temperature to give a harder finish. Porcelain is the purest and the most delicate type of pottery. It is formed from koalin, a fine white clay, that is mixed with controlled amounts of feldspar and flint and then fired at a low temperature.
 
Clay Station by A. Clift
http://claystation.com/
This comprehensive website provides information for ceramics and pottery, like glaze formulas and clay related techniques.
Related Website:
2) Ceramics Web http://art.sdsu.edu/ceramicsweb/index.html
 
Pottery: The Art
http://members.tripod.com/kengeorgepottery/index.htm
Learn about the art, history, and techniques of making pottery.
Related Websites:
2) History of Pottery http://www.artistictile.net/pages/Info/Info_pottery.html
3) Pottery Studio http://www.studiopottery.com/
 
Pottery Tutorial: A Beginners Guide to the Art of Ceramics by J. Hester
http://www.jhpottery.com/tutorial/tutorial.html
This website was designed for the beginner as a step by step guide to making ceramics. Each guide provides basic techniques and some tips.
Related Websites:
2) Beginners Guide to Making Pottery from Cramp Castle Pottery
http://www.crampscastlepottery.com/pages/guide.html
3) Pottery by J. Neefe http://www.madison.k12.wi.us/whitehorse/ss/pottery.htm
4) Pottery & Ceramics http://www.bearclover.net/pottery/index.html
5) Pottery Making by J. Neefe http://www.madison.k12.wi.us/whitehorse/ss/potmake.htm
 
Studio 1 of Hands On Crafts developed by Public Library of Charlotte & Mecklenburg County, Mint Museum of Art, and Mint Museum of Craft and Design, Charlotte, NC
http://www.handsoncrafts.org/index.htm
Here you will find lots of pottery related information and virtual activities. Throw a virtual pot too!
 
After visiting several of the websites, complete one or more of the following projects.
 
Complete A Pottery WebQuest. Follow or adapt the procedures found at one of the following webQuest sites:
1) Advanced Pottery Paper/Project http://www.msad54.k12.me.us/MSAD54Pages/SAHS/SAHS%20Webpage/CurrProjects/pottery/potteryqu.htm
2) Ceramics Around the World (Grades 9-12) by M. Almeida
http://www.dedham.k12.ma.us/webquest/fall2000/ma/ceramicswebquest.htm
3) Indian Pottery (Grade 4) by M. Dunaway and C. Kinsman
http://www2.mde.k12.ms.us/ossd/Magnolia/Mikecal/IndianPotterybyMichaelandCallie.html
4) Mystery of the Effigy Bowl (Grade 3) by S. Pearson and K. Stephens
http://www2.mde.k12.ms.us/ossd/Magnolia/KlyeSam/EffigyBowl.html
 
Make A Paper Mache Bowl. You may not have clay or a kiln in which to bake finished pieces, but you can still make something that looks like pottery using the paper mache technique. Follow the procedures found at Make a Papier Mache Bowl.
 
Make A Clay Ocarina. You will find illustrated instructions at Whistle Making Sequence . . . Technique and Photographs by C. Henley. Other plans can be found at How to Make a Clay Whistle.
 
Make Some Pottery. You don't have to have a pottery wheel or even a kiln. You can still make pottery. It could be tiles, sculpture, pinch pots, a coil bowl, or slab work. Whatever you like. A few potters even find and use local clay deposits. But probably the best way to get started is to take a class. Have some fun and be creative.
 
More Pottery Websites
African Pottery Forming and Firing Techniques: A Virtual Slide Show by C. Roy
http://www.uiowa.edu/~intl/ACAD/rft/pottery.html
Here you can learn about ancient forming and firing techniques.
 
Greek Pottery from History for Kids
http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/art/pottery/greekpots.htm
Most of what we know about Greek art comes from the pictures they painted on fancy pottery.
Related Websites:
2) Attic Black Figure and Red Figure Manufacturing from the Ancient Greek World, University of Pennsylvania Museum
http://www.museum.upenn.edu/Greek_World/Trade_craft/Pottery_attic.html
3) Commercial Uses of Pottery
http://www.museum.upenn.edu/Greek_World/Trade_craft/Pottery_commercial.html
4) Images of Pottery from Ancient Greek World Collection
http://www.museum.upenn.edu/Greek_World/Excerpts_Other/Pottery_list.html
 
Introduction to Ozxacan Pottery
http://www.manos-de-oaxaca.com/intro.htm
There is a place in the far south of Mexico where the potters of a thousand years still work.
Related Websites:
2) Talavera Poblana by M. Herz http://www.inside-mexico.com/art1.htm
3) Fine Mexican Ceramics from Talavera Gallery http://www.mexicanceramic.com/talavera/talavera1.htm
 
Pottery Making Illustrated
http://www.potterymaking.org/
This is the online presence of an how-to magazine for potters.
Other Online Magazines:
2) Ceramics Monthly http://www.ceramicsmonthly.org/
 
Short History of Tin-Glazed Earthenware: Maiolica, Majolica, Delftware and Faience
http://www.nevelow.com/majolicahistory.html
Maiolica (pronounced ma-ya-li-ca), a tin-glazed earthenware, can trace its roots back to 9th century Islam.
Related Website:
2) Sarreguemines, The Capital of Faience http://www.sarreguemines-museum.com/
  
Tiles On the Web
http://www.tiles.org/
This site provides information about handmade and historic tiles.
 
Tracing the Art of Pueblo Pottery
http://www.cmnh.org/research/cultural/pueblo-pottery/tracing.html
Pottery has been a part of Pueblo culture for as long as they have existed as sedentary agriculturists.
Related Websites:
2) History of American Indian Pottery by S. Peterson
http://www.sla.purdue.edu/WAAW/Peterson/Petersonessay2.html
3) History of Pottery http://www.dqinc.com/webdev12/ThePotterySite/history.htm
4) Mimbres: Black on White Pottery http://www.cumulus.org/mimbres/index.html
5) Pottery by American Indian Women by S. Peterson
http://www.sla.purdue.edu/WAAW/Peterson/index.html
6) Pottery Making Techniques
http://www.beloit.edu/~museum/logan/southwest/introduction/techniques.htm
7) Pueblo Pottery from Internet Public Library http://www.ipl.org/exhibit/pottery/index.html
 
Museums and Online Exhibits of Pottery
Asian Traditions in Clay: The Hauge Gifts from Smithsonian Institution
http://www.asia.si.edu/exhibitions/hauge.htm
This exhibit contains ceramics from ancient Iran, the Islamic Near East, and the Khmer Empire in mainland Southeast Asia.
 
ClayNet
http://home.vicnet.net.au/~claynet/home.htm
This website exhibits contemporary international ceramic art.
 
Gather Around This Pot . . . at Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation
http://www.civilization.ca/archeo/ceramiq/cerart1e.html
The earliest ceramics in Canada were made in the northern Yukon more than 3,500 years ago, within sight of the Arctic Ocean.
 
Schein-Joseph International Museum of Ceramic Art from New York College of Ceramics, Alfred University
http://ceramicsmuseum.alfred.edu/
The website of a teaching and research facility, this museum houses nearly 8,000 ceramic and glass objects, ranging from small pottery shards recovered from ancient civilizations to contemporary sculpture and installation pieces to advanced ceramics reflecting the cutting edge of ceramic technology.
 
Earth Transformed: Ceramic Arts of Africa from Virtual Research Center for African Ceramics
http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/african-ceramic-arts/
The site features diverse resources for the study of African ceramic arts, including archives of collections, field photographs, related articles, links, and more.
 
Greek Painted Pottery from Beazley Archive, Oxford University
http://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/BeazleyAdmin/Script2/Pottery.htm
This collection contains drawings and paintings of Athenian pottery made between about 625 and 300 BC.
Related Website:
2) Vase Painting by A. Wilson http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~loxias/vasepainting.htm
 
Hollister Collection of Southwestern Native American Pottery by T. Pieri, University of Massachussetts
http://www.umass.edu/arthist/pots/main.html
Here you find photographs and description of an extensive native American pottery collection.
Related Websites:
2) To Touch the Past: Painted Pottery of the Mimbres People
http://hudson.acad.umn.edu/Mimbres/Mimbres.html
3) Traditional Acoma Pottery http://www.migrations.com/traditionalacoma.html
 
Raku Ware from Raku Museum, Kyoto, Japan
http://www.raku-yaki.or.jp/index-e.html
Learn about the history and the making of Raku, a low-fired glazed pottery.
Related Website:
2) Raku http://www.msad54.k12.me.us/MSAD54Pages/SAHS/SAHS%20Webpage/CurrProject
s/RakuPage/raku.htm
 
Websites For Teachers
Clay Tile Lesson Plan (Grades K-2) by G. Cullen
http://homepage.mac.com/krohrer/iad/lessons/elem/elem32.html
Using insects as a theme, students will use materials, tools and processes to create a decorative clay tile.
Related Websites:
2) Ceramic Plate http://www.kamalii.k12.hi.us/Ceramic%20Plate.html
3) Clay Birdhouses (Grades 9-12) by R.A. Shampine
http://homepage.mac.com/krohrer/iad/lessons/high/ClayBirdHouseHS.html
 
Introduction to Pottery and Pottery Decoration
http://home2.owc.net/~thinktank/potterylesson.html
The tactile manipulation of clay can be a stimulating, absorbing experience in which one gains the understanding of clay's basic properties and connects in a personal way with one of the oldest forms of art.
 
Lesson Plans on Clay Sculpture by M. Webster
http://www.utah.edu/umfa/arnesonplan.html
Scroll down the page inspired by the work of Robert Arneson, to find a lesson plan for creating a three-dimensional relief sculpture of a face.
 
Mimbres Pottery
http://www.dhc.net/~artgeek/mimbres.html
This lesson leads the student of draw designs using the Mimbres' line technique, the create a clay bowl using the coil method, and discuss symbolism and meaning of the Mimbres' people.
 
Navajo Pottery: Beautiful Objects -- Dine' Bis: Hozho Dok'lis by F. Clover and A. Jim
http://artswork.asu.edu/AAERC/Learning_the_Arts/Pottery.html
In this unit you will study the pottery making of the Navajo, learning about processes used by potters, about the philosophy underlying the making of Navajo pottery, and about the purpose for which various pots are made.
 
Pottery Lesson Plan (Grades 6-12)
http://home.moravian.edu/students/m/stccm01/ceramiclesson.htm
Students will be introduced to techniques of pottery, the different types of Greek vases, and the mythological paintings on the Greek pottery plus they will create their own Greek vase.
 
Timucuan Pottery (Grades K-5) from the Cummer Museum of Art and Garden
http://www.cummer.org/pdf/teacherplan1.pdf
This lesson teaches about the culture and time period of the Timucua, and has students creating pottery related to Timucuan designs.
 
pottery
slab
mud
kiln
greenware
clay
'throw a pot'
mask
wedge
shard
temper
water
glaze
fire
ceremonial vessel
sculpture
bowl
firing
art
earthenware
slip casting
finish
ceramic
craft
texture
coil
style
design
burnish
bisque
keramos
wood fired pottery
pinch pot
kneading
archeology
rolling
dehydration
squeeze
polychrome
shape
vitrification
potter's wheel
porcelain
mold
stoneware
slip
decorating
ware
 
  
 
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 4/02.