project from eduScapes (http://eduscapes.com/)
includes a companion webpage called
'Types of Turtles &
There you will find an indexed list of links to over a
hundred additional websites - - providing lots more
information and photographs for different species.
Don't miss it!
- Easier - Turtles are
reptiles whose soft body is covered by a hard shell.
Most turtles can pull their legs, tail, and head into
the shell for protection. Different turtles live on
land, in water, or both on land and in water. Some
turtles that live on land are called tortoises. A
terrapin is a turtle that lives in or near freshwater
or partly salty, coastal water. The name terrapin is
only used for a group of North American turtles.
- Harder - Turtles can
be grouped into seven main types: (1) mud and musk
turtles, (2) pond and marsh turtles, (3) sea turtles,
(4) side-necked turtles, (5) snapping turtles, (6)
soft-shelled turtles, and (7) tortoises. Like other
reptiles, all turtles are cold-blooded; their body
temperature about matches the temperature of their
environment. They are found living in deserts, forest,
grasslands, lakes, marshes, ponds, wetlands, coastal
areas, and in the oceans. Turtles live in almost all
geographic regions except those which are cold
year-round. They cannot remain active in cold weather,
so species in regions that have harsh winters must
hibernate. Some desert species survive the hot, dry
periods by going into a related state of limited
activity called estivation. Sea turtles spend most of
their life in the water. Other species live mainly on
land or in fresh water or spend about an equal time on
land and in water.
- There are over 250 different turtle species; about
50 live in North America. Between species, turtles
vary in size from the bog turtle of about 4 inches
long (10 centimeters) to the huge leatherback sea
turtle, which can mature to 4 to 8 feet lengths (1.2
to 2.4 meters). Many turtles spend their entire life
within a short distance from where they were hatched,
but most sea turtles migrate thousand of miles. Sea
turtles are also fast swimmers; but on land most kinds
of turtles are slow, lumbering creatures. However,
some land turtles like the smooth soft-shell specie
can sometimes outrun a human. Most turtles are
omnivores, that is they eat both plants and animals
but the exact foods consumed vary between the species.
For instance, green sea turtles and tortoises feed
almost entirely on plants. A few freshwater species
including the map turtle and soft-shelled turtles eat
mainly other small animals.
- Today over 40 species of turtles including most
sea turtles and many types of tortoises are
endangered, and if turtle conservation and protection
does not improve, certain species will become extinct.
People are their greatest threat. Historically people
have sought turtle eggs and meat for food. Turtle
shells have been used for ornamentation. Rare exotic
turtles have been shipped and trafficked as pets.
Turtles are still hunted and captured today; turtle
nests are plundered. People further harm turtles by
eliminating their natural living areas as forests,
swamps, and other areas are transformed for farms and
urban growth. Further endangerment comes from
continued pollution of their living areas.
- This is the website of an organization dedicated
to the protection and conservation of tortoises.
- Related Websites:
- 2) Box Turtle Website http://members.aol.com/BTurtle3/boxturtle.html
- 3) Hatchling Haven http://home.earthlink.net/~rednine/
- 4) Slowcoach http://www.slowcoach.org.uk/
- 5) World Turtle Trust http://world-turtle-trust.org/index.html
and Tortoises from World Almanac for
- Here you can learn about these animals' physical
and behavioral traits.
- Other Kids Turtle Sites:
- 2) All About Turtles http://octopus.gma.org/turtles/
- 3) Bill's Box Turtles http://www.billsboxturtles.com/
- 4) Sea Turtle Facts from NetPets, Inc.
- 5) Sea Turtles (Theme page) http://www.stemnet.nf.ca/CITE/sturtles.htm
- 6) Tortoise from World Book Online
- This site informs people about the diversity of
turtle species, raise awareness about the plight of
endangered turtles, and educates individuals on how to
properly care for pet turtles.
- Related Websites:
- 2) All Turtles http://www.allturtles.com/
- 3) Felice's World of Turtles http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/felicerood/
- Learn about endangered sea turtles and how you can
help save them at this marine turtle site.
- Related Websites:
- 2) EuroTurtle http://www.euroturtle.org/
- 3) Information on Sea Turtles and Threats To Their
- 4) Marine Turtles http://www.ea.gov.au/coasts/species/turtles/index.html
- 5) Sea Turtle http://www.fpl.com/environment/endangered/contents/sea_turtles_overview.shtml
- 6) Sea Turtle (Chelonidae) http://www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/sea_turtle.html
- 7) Sea Turtle Conservation Program http://www.co.broward.fl.us/bri00600.htm
- 8) Sea Turtle Protection and Conservation
- 9) Sea Turtle Survival League / Caribbean
- 10) Sea Turtle http://www.cresli.org/cresli/turtles/seaturts.html
- 11) Sea Turtles from Sea World http://www.seaworld.org/infobooks/SeaTurtle/home.html
- 12) Sea Turtles http://www.carolinaskipper.com/pelicanbay/turt.html
- 13) Sea Turtles (Chelonidae) http://www.npca.org/marine_and_coastal/marine_wildlife/seaturtles.asp
- 14) Track A Turtle http://www.oneocean.org/ambassadors/track_a_turtle/
- 15) Turtles in Trouble from National
- 16) Turtle Time, Inc. http://www.turtletime.org/
- You may also want to visit some or all of
these related websites: (1) Deserts at
(2) Eggs http://www.42explore.com/eggs.htm,
(3) Pond Life http://www.42explore.com/pond.htm,
(4) Rivers http://www.42explore.com/rivers.htm,
(5) Tide Pools http://www.42explore.com/tidepool.htm,
and (6) Wetlands http://www.42explore.com/wetland.htm
- - all from eduScapes 42eXplore.
- After visiting several of the
websites, complete one or more of these
activities . . .
- Compare & Contrast Two
Turtles. Select two entirely different
turtles and identify the ways which they
are alike and the ways that they are
different. You can find additional
information about several different
turtles at the companion webpage:
"Types of Turtles and Tortoises"
- Take A Turtle Quiz. Test your
knowledge with the Sea Turtle Online Quiz!
You might want to follow up with other fun
activities found at Games, Puzzles and
- Complete A Turtle WebQuest.
Follow or adapt the procedures found at
one of the following webQuest sites:
- 1) Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle WebQuest
(Grade 4) by E. Magee and L. Miller
- 2) Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Grade 7) by
M. Bright http://web.utk.edu/~ctmelear/ossabaw/tommelissagreg/loggerheaddefault.html
- 3) Save the Fanny Beach Sea Turtles!
(Grades 6-8) by S. Masters and L.
- 4) Sea Turtle Adventure (Grade 2) by
A. Friar, A. McDonald, A. Sullivan, &
- 5) Sea Turtles by G. Rossi (Grades 6
and up) http://www.geocities.com/gabriellerossi/sea_turtles.htm
- Practice Identifying Sea
Turtles. Work through the
identification exercises found at
Identification Keys (http://telematics.ex.ac.uk/euroturtle/ident/ident.htm)
from EuroTurtle. See how you do
with the three online quizzes.
- Create A Turtle Protection
Poster. Sea turtles, desert tortoises,
coastal terrapins - - many different types
of turtles need protection and some are
facing possible extinction. Create a
poster that is both attractive and conveys
the importance of protecting turtles. You
can focus your project on a specific type
of turtle or the dangers of a certain
activity such as turtles caught in shrimp
nets, turtles illegally caught for food,
and nests destroyed for their turtle eggs.
Display your complete poster.
- Draw A Turtle. You can find
some help at sites like (1) Learn to Draw
a Turtle (http://www.cartooncritters.com/drawturtle.htm)
from Cartoon Critters. An
alternative activity is to make a turtle
following the instructions found at (2)
Kid's Fun (http://www.scwf.org/news_archive/aug01/animaltracks08-01.htm)
from The South Carolina Wildlife
Federation or (3) Chickens Aren't the
Only Ones (http://pbskids.org/readingrainbow/family/activities/activity38.html)
from PBS Kids.
- Write A Turtle Poem. If you
need help with writing poetry or want
additional ideas, visit another
42eXplore project from
eduScapes titled "Poetry for Kids"
Share your finished poetry. You could also
illustrate your poems with an original
- Websites By Kids For Kids
A Turtle (1997 ThinkQuest Internet
- This site encourages you to help save the sea
turtle by cleaning up the environment and supporting
organizations dedicated to helping save this
(2001 ThinkQuest Project)
- Turtles have been on Earth since the Age of
Dinosaurs or before. There are over 350 kinds of
turtles out there and many of these are endangered.
Learn more . . .
- More Websites
Turtle and Tortoise Club
- This is the website of an organization dedicated
to turtle and tortoise preservation, conservation,
study and education.
- Similar Organizations:
- 2) Chicago Turtle Club http://www.geocities.com/~chicagoturtle/
- 3) New York Turtle and Tortoise Society http://nytts.org/
- Learn about six species that live in Australia and
nearby New Guinea and Indonesia.
- This is an information repository supporting
global turtle conservation. Our goal is to collect and
provide current and historical data about turtle
locations, and to help maintain the variety of turtles
as part of the world's biodiversity. Don't miss the
searchable World Turtle Database, where you can find
more information about where various turtle species
have been found.
- The group Testudines, popularly known as the
turtles, is an ancient clade with a grand history.
Because turtles seem so bulky, slow, and ungainly (at
least on land), you may not think of the turtle body
plan or turtle strategy as especially "successful",
but if we use the age and diversity of the clade
Testudines as a measure of evolutionary success,
turtles are certainly a successful group -- they date
back to the Triassic period, and today are represented
by a modest 200+ living species.
Turtle Wars by M. Tennesen from National
- Learn how one country is battling poachers and
saving sea turtles.
- Related Websites:
- 2) Lawmaker Hopes Bill Cracks Egg Poaching by B.
Farrington from Miami Times
- 3) Poaching and the Illegal Sale of Amphibians and
Reptiles by K. Blankenship from Pennsylvania Fish
and Boat Commission http://www.fish.state.pa.us/PA_Exec/Fish_Boat/mayju99/poaching.htm
- 4) Poaching Takes Leatherback Turtle to Near
Extinction from The Straits Times (Singapore)
- 5) Sea Turtle for Easter Dinner Poses Questions
for U.S. Policy from International Foundation for
the Conservation of Natural Resources http://wildecology.ifcnr.com/article.cfm?NewsID=273
- 6) Save Sea Turtles from Shrimp Nets http://www.api4animals.org/areas.asp?c=5&ID=210
- 7) Shrimp Trawling Bycatch http://www.aida2.org/english/projects/turtles/bycatch_shrimp.php
- 8) Stories from the Grassroots from Orion
- 9) Trade of Hawksbill Turtle in Indonesian from
ProFauna Indonesia http://www.profauna.or.id/English/hawksbill-trade.html
- 10) Turtle Nests Under Attack at Marquesas Keys by
T.J. Tritten from Keynews http://keysnews.com/290756831885146.bsp.htm
- Learn about the turtles native to Missouri.
- Other State's Turtle Sites:
- 2) Michigan's Turtles
- 3) New York State Sea Turtle Program http://www.cresli.org/cresli/turtles/turthome.html
- 4) Sea Turtles of Maryland http://www.dnr.state.md.us/wildlife/turtles.html
- Learn about the seven turtle species that are
found in this province of Canada.
of Common Semi-Aquatic Turtles by D.T.
- This article examine some semi-aquatic turtles
that are commonly available in the United States and
provides information on their natural history,
allowing potential turtle owners to make informed
decisions as to which turtle, if any, they wish to
of Turtles by E.S. Gaffney
- This site provides a scientific introduction and
overview of turtles.
Things to Do for Turtles from The Humane
Society of the United States
- Here are some suggestions on how you can help
turtles in your own neighborhood and around the
- Related Webpages:
- 2) How You Can Help Protect Sea Turtles from
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Services http://northflorida.fws.gov/SeaTurtles/Turtle%20Factsheets/you-can-help.htm
- 3) Simple Actions You Can Take to Protect Sea
Turtles from Caribbean Conservation Corporation /
Sea Turtle Survival League http://www.cccturtle.org/actions.htm
- 4) Slow: Turtle Crossing Ahead http://sites.state.pa.us/PA_Exec/Fish_Boat/nwturtle.htm
- Here, you can find links to the best international
sites dedicated to the charming world of turtles,
tortoises and terrapins.
- Websites For Teachers
all Loggerheads: A Study of Sea Turtles (Grade
4) by L. Hood
- This unit focuses on the different species of sea
turtles. Causes for endangerment will be studied as
well as migration patterns.
Turtle Size and Age (Grades 5-12)
- Students will learn how to estimate age and size
of turtles, and understand variability in scientific
Turtles (Grades 3-7) from Learners Online,
- In this lesson you will learn more about turtles,
the world's first animal to invent the mobile
Turtles in Tennessee
- Here are some classroom activity ideas for a unit
on sea turtles.
- Related Webpages:
- 2) Curriculum for Educators http://www.ridleyturtles.org/curriculum.html
- 3) Gulf Mysteries http://www.ridleyturtles.org/gulfmysteries.html
Zones and Migration Patterns of the Leatherback Sea
Turtle (Grades 6-8)
- This lesson uses migration patterns of the
leatherback sea turtle to help students understand how
traveling around the world includes passage through
different time zones.
Sea Turtles: Lessons in Saving an Endangered
Species from Education World
- Endangered sea turtles are in need of our
attention, and the Internet offers some great
activities for learning about sea turtles -- and even
tracking their movements!
Tales (Grades K-2)
- The lessons contain activities in Language Arts,
Science, and Art. Turtle legends, life cycles,
habitats, feeding and care are explored.
- Created by