The Topic:

Easier - A worm is an long, thin animal that lives in the soil. They have a soft, long, rounded body and no legs or backbone.
Harder - There are thousands of different kinds of worms. The largest species measure many feet or meters long, while the smallest worm cannot be seen without a microscope. Worms usually live in soil; some live in water. Many worms eat small plants and animals, others feed on decaying matter. Still other types of worms live as parasites in various animals and plants causing a number of diseases. Most types of worms have a well-developed sense of touch. They also have specialized organs that respond to chemicals in their surroundings. Many species have a sense of sight, with eyes or eyespots on the head.
People mistakenly believe that caterpillars and grubs are worms. These animals are insects in their larval (juvenile) stage and do not resemble worms after they mature.
There are four main groups of worms: (1) flatworms, or Platyhelminthes; (2) ribbon worms, or Nemertea; (3) roundworms, or Nematoda; and (4) segmented worms, or Annelida. The study of worms is helminthology.
Adventures of Herman
Squirmin' Herman the earthworm is here to teach you about the history of worms, their anatomy, and other fun facts.
Another Worm Learn Site:
2) Worms (Grade 1, Museum Magnet School)
Worm Digest
Worm Digest is published is a project of The Edible City Resource Center, a nonprofit educational organization in Eugene, Oregon, involved in the promotion of sustainable organic agriculture. Lots of good worm information, especially for worm composting and farming.
Worm World at the Yuckiest Site on the Internet
At this site you meet 'Mary the Worm Woman', investigate worms as recyclers, and learn all about earthworms and their cousins with your host, Wendell.
Worms and Leeches at Alien Explorers
Learn about bloodworms, bristleworms, horsehair worms, round worms, tubiflex worms, maggots and more at this worm-filled site.
After visiting several of the worm websites, complete one or more of these activities:
Have Some Worm Fun. Go to Wiggles the Worm Puzzles and Games. Print out the activity page there and find the hidden words and complete the worm maze.
Complete a Worm WebQuest. Follow or adapt the procedures found at Wonderful Worms (Grades K-2) by Kittiya Banks-Johnson and Elizabeth Langer.
Observe and Learn About Worms. Find directions for collecting and housing worms in plastic see-through containers at Build a Worm Condo at the Environmental Health Center,
Start a Vermicomposting Project. Help out the environment by starting your own worm composting project. To get started and get some ideas, visit sites like Composting with Redworms, It's For The Worms, Worm Composting Bin, Worm Composting System, and Worm Workz. Then put together a worm compost of your own. If you would like to start on a much smaller level, follow the plan found at Quart Jar Worm Farm (Missouri Department of Natural Resources).
Put Together a Worm Day Celebration. Select a date. Make worm posters and worm drawings to display. Write a worm skit. Celebrate your success by serving Worm Cakes or making and eating chocolate covered worms - find out how at Worms Can Get a Little Weird.
Would You Ever Eat A Worm? Birds and fish like to eat mealworms (You can learn how to make a mealworm feeder for birds at How to Make a Mealworm Feeder). Then read the book 'How To Eat Fried Worms.' Ask yourself if you ever have eaten or would you ever eat a worm? Some cultures, some people do eat worms - - gummy worms don't count! Visit Sauteed Mealworms at NatureNode, Mealworm Chocolate Chip Cookies, and Mealworm Spaghetti or if insect larva is not your choice, take a look at Natural Treat (Earthworms) to see some worm-filled recipes. Write a story about a situation where you might eat a worm or wouldn't eat a worm.
Worms of a Different Type
Mealworms are actually insects - - beetles in their larval stage; however, we have included some of the best mealworm sites on this 'Worms' project page.
Exploring the Life Cycle of a Mealworm at Trackstar
This is a science exploration activity in which students can interactively learn the life cycle of a mealworm.
Fact Sheet: Mealworms from the North American Bluebird Society
Mealworms are not really worms at all but are the larval form of the darkling beetle (Tenebrio molitor). They are clean, easy to raise, do not carry human diseases and most importantly are a nutritious food supplement readily accepted by bluebirds.
Related Websites:
2) How to Raise Mealworms at
3) Mealworms
4) Mealworm Care Sheet
5) Mealworm Culture
Welcome to the creepy crawlies project page by a student at Rulang primary school, Singapore.
Mealworms and Wax Worms from Purdue University
This links-page connects to resources on mealworms and wax worms.
Mealworms in First Grade
This site has lots of pictures of mealworms in the 'timeline' section.
Similar Websites:
2) Mealworm
3) Mealworm Projects
Mealworm Locomotion
Here is an experiments webpage from 'The Wild Times Teacher Connection', Spring 1997.
Related Experiment Websites:
2) Can You Predict Which Way Mealworms Will Move?
3) Mealworms (Science Center Questions)
4) Mealworms as a Classroom Project
5) Sweet Home for the Mealworms (Lab Sheet)
6) What Can You Learn From A Mealworm?
Lots More Worm-filled Sites
The Burrow from Worm World Inc.
Here you find a few articles about the business of raising earthworms and vermicomposting plus lots of links to other worm resources.
Similar Website:
2) Connecticut Valley Worm Farm
Related Website:
3) Wormfarm Forum (threaded-discussion on wormfarming)
Careful! Earthworms Underfoot
Learn with soil scientist Dennis Linden, who knows a thing or two about earthworms.
This site describes the habits and life activities of the common earthworm.
Related Webpages:
2) Internal Structures of the Earthworm
3) Digestion in the Worm
Earthworm FAQ at the Compost Resource Page
This 'Frequently Asked Questions' site answers everything from how earthworms are beneficial to how fast can they multiply.
Related Websites:
2) Composting With Red Wiggler Worms by GiIIian Elcock
3) Home Worm Production
4) Vermicomposting (Links-page)
5) Worm Composting Basics by Jen Fong and Paula Hewitt
6) Worms: The New 'Bug' For The New Millenium by Spring Gillard
7) Worm Workz
Earthworms: Lumbricus Terrestris by Leslie Dayn at NY Westside Site
This article tells about the benefits, life cycle, and history of earthworms.
Other Earthworm Articles:
2) City Naturalist - Earthworms by Leslie Day
3) Earthworms by John Mertus
4) Earthworms: Friend or Foe?
5) Earthworms: Under-valued, Under-rated and Unloved
Introduction to the Annelida, Everybody's Favorite, Worms. . . (Museum of Paleontology)
Here you can find details about segmented worms, including information on their fossils, history, and bodies.
Related Website:
2) Phylum Annelida (Segmented Worms)
Lovable Leeches by Heidi H. Haugen
This article explains how you collect and raise leeches.
Vermicomposting (Kids Page from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences)
Learn why vermicomposting is fun, but also good for our planet!
Worm Woman's Web Site
Meet the 'Worm Woman' and learn all about worm composting.
Websites for Teachers
Composting Resources for Teachers
This webpage was designed for teachers considering a vermicomposting project with their students.
Earthworm Farm
Starting an earthworm farm in your classroom is an excellent way to motivate and educate your students.
Introduction to an Invertebrate by Lee Ann Regan (Grades 5-8)
This lesson introduces a common invertebrate named the worm. It allows students to draw conclusions about worm body systems and worm senses.
Mystery Mealworms (Grade 1)
Here is a two-week unit plan for a study of mealworms (larva stage of the darkling beetle).
Potential Cross-Curricular Applications of a Worm Bin For the Elementary School Classroom by Jen Fong and Paula Hewitt (Cornell Composting)
This site has curriculum ideas for language arts, math, science, geography and social studies. and horticulture.
Role of Earthworms in Healthy Soils by Jo-Ellen Peterman (Grade 5)
Learners will identify the importance of the earthworm to healthy soil.
Worm Activities
This lesson integrates science and math by involving students in estimating and measuring and weighing earthworms.
Worm Lesson by Kim Cherry (Grade 6)
In this lesson students collect and examine earthworms, identify their body parts, and then use them in a compost experiment.
Worm Bin Project Unit (Grades 3-4)
This is a project in which students learned about decomposition of waste and the life cycle by creating and maintaining "worm bins."
Worms (Grades K-2)
This lesson plan was developed to help students learn worm vocabulary words and to identify one likeness and one difference between real and pretend items.
night crawler
common field worm
green worm
body segment
skin breather
worm farm
ice worm
red wriggler
segmented worm
horsehair worm
detritus feeder
worm snake
'can of worms'
worm bin
ribbon worm
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 1/99
Updated, 8/00