


 The
Topic:
 Charts
& Graphs

 Easier  A graph is a
chart or drawing that shows the relationship between
changing things.
 They are a diagram displaying the relationship
between numbers or amounts. Common graphs use bars,
lines, or parts of a circle to display data.

 Harder  A graph or
chart is used to present facts in visual form. They are a
drawing that displays the relative sizes of numerical
quantities. A graph is one of the easiest ways to compare
numbers.

 Graphs can be used to illustrate many types of data
and are not limited to the simpler types such as line,
bar, and circle. They should be used to make facts
clearer and more understandable.

 Charts
and Graphs: Showing Statistical Data
Visually
 http://www.kcmetro.cc.mo.us/longview/socsci/philosophy/logic/graphs.htm
 This website examines misrepresentation of data that
sometimes leads to conclusions (generalizations) which
otherwise might not be warranted.

 Create
a Graph
 http://nces.ed.gov/nceskids/Graphing/
 Sometimes complicated
information is just hard to understand and needs an
illustration. Try your hand at creating some and see if
it helps in explaining what you are trying to
show.

 Charts
and Graphs by B. Guffin & N. Poppen from
South Dakota Department of Education
 http://www.state.sd.us/deca/DDN4Learning/ThemeUnits/Charts/index.htm
 Don't miss exploring this outstanding learning site
and its links collection to websites that involve
creating, reading and interpreting data using charts and
graphs.

 Learning
About Charts and Graphs by F. Oldfield from
Educational Resources for Adults
 http://www.fodoweb.com/erfora/readtext.asp?txtfile=communications/charts.toc
 This series of lessons can help you learn more about
the various types of charts and graphs. Not only can you
learn how to extract information from them, but you will
also learn how to build them.
 Other Introductory Lessons:
 2) Charts from BBC ReviseWise Maths http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/revisewise/maths/data/11_fact.shtml
 3) Graphs and Charts by B. Dueber from USDA
National Agricultural Statistics Service http://klingon.cs.iupui.edu/~aharris/mmcc/mod6/abss8.html
 4) Meet Pie Chart Pam from http://www.usda.gov/nass/nasskids/pambio.htm

 After visiting several of the websites,
complete one or more of the following
activities.

 Make Your First Graph! You can
connect to some great data and content ideas
at sites like (1) Real Time Data
Sites (http://k12science.ati.stevenstech.edu/realtimedatasites.html),
(2) U.S. Census Bureau
(http://www.census.gov/),
(3) Weekly Nielson Ratings
(http://www.cnn.com/SHOWBIZ/TV/top10/content.html),
and (4) FedStats Home Page
(http://www.fedstats.gov/).
Select a subject for which you will collect
and display data. Or gather your own original
data   such as finding out how many and
what type and color of vehicles pass by your
house or park at your school. Then present
your findings with a graph(s). Select the
best type graph for your data. Can you
incorporate pictures? Can you effectively use
color? Extend the project by collecting data
at different times of the day, on different
days of the week, and by also identifying the
types of vehicles?

 Complete a Charts and Graphs
WebQuest. Follow or adapt the procedures
that you find at the following webQuest
sites:
 1) Charts and Graphs
http://fc.portage.k12.wi.us/~caulumj/lesson1.html
(Grade 9) by J. Caulum
 2) Charts and Graphs: A WebQuest
using Microsoft Excel and PowerPoint
http://ib005.k12.sd.us/Excel%20WebQuest/charts_and_graphs.htm
by I. Benson
 3) Graphs and Charts…What are
They Good For? http://students.luther.edu/~jolivean/webquest.htm
 4) Graphs Galore (Grade 5)
http://bg016.k12.sd.us/graphs_webquest.htm

 Analyze the Charts and Graphs Used in
the Press. Look through a few issues of
recent magazines or newspapers. Collect as
many different types of charts and graphs as
you can find. Analyze each of them as to
their purpose, type of graph, data
information, trends shown, and use of color
and pictures. Put together a display that
shows the variety of charts and graphs that
you find.


 Charts
and Graphs
 http://www.twingroves.district96.k12.il.us/ScienceInternet/ChartsGraphs.html
 Tables, charts and graphs are convenient ways to
clearly show your data. Choose the best graph form to
express your results.

 Chart
/ Graph (Grades 38)
 http://www.essdack.org/tips/chart.html
 Here are instructions for making a chart using
AppleWorks Spreadsheet or Microsoft
Excel.
 Related Online Tutorials:
 2) Chart and Graph Tutorial (Advanced level) by J.F.
Lacher http://lacher.com/toc/tutchart.htm
 3) Create Charts and Diagrams in PowerPoint 2002 by
G. Bajaj http://www.microsoft.com/office/previous/xp/columns/column09.asp
 4) Creating a Chart/Graph with ClarisWorks
http://www.essdack.org/tool/graph.html
 5) Creating a Chart or Graph (Microsoft Excel)
http://www.internet4classrooms.com/excel_create_chart.htm

 Describing
Data with Charts and Graphs
 http://www.sytsma.com/phad530/excelcharts.html
 This website describes and
illustrates the nine basic type of charts and graphs that
can be formed using Microsoft Excel.
 Other Instruction
Websites:
 2) Can I Make a Graph or Chart?
(Excel Instruction) http://www.personal.kent.edu/~labwork/excel/graph.htm
 3) Create Charts and
Graphs With Excel by L. Jackson from Education
World
 http://www.educationworld.com/a_tech/techtorial/techtorial025.shtml
 4) How Do I Make a Chart (Graph)? (Microsoft Excel
for Macintosh)
 http://burnett.sdhc.k12.fl.us/WolfWeb/TechSupport/Excel/ExcelFAQ/ExcelFAQ
. . .

 Every
Picture Tells a Story
 http://www.ideabook.com/chart.htm
 This brief article idea and
tips website explains how to create eyecatching,
informationpacked graphics, charts and
graphs.

 Graphics,
Charts, and Graphs by K. Swortzel at
Mississippi State University
 http://www.ais.msstate.edu/AEE/Tutorial/graphs.html
 This site introduces the various types charts and
graphs plus explains the advantages, disadvanges, and
purposes for selecting and using each.

 Graphing
Overview by E. Stapel from PurpleMath
 http://www.purplemath.com/modules/graphing.htm
 This overview touches on the following graph types:
straight lines, absolute values, quadratics, general
polynomials, radical functions, rational functions, and
piecewise functions.

 Presentation
Graphics Design at
About.com
 http://desktoppub.about.com/compute/desktoppub/cs/presentationdesign/index.htm
 Create better presentations
with these tips and tutorials for creating slides,
charts, and posters. Learn how to create presentation
materials that communicate effectively.
 Related
Websites:
 2) PowerPoint Presentation
Tips: Charts & Tables http://www.its.queensu.ca/educ/handout/PPtips.html
 3)Using Charts http://www.strategiccomm.com/usecharts.html

 Websites for Teachers
 Apples
A Peel To Me (Grades K1) by O. Moreno
 http://www.iit.edu/~smile/ma9409.html
 Students will learn to gather, record and interpret
data as they use manipulatives, real objects, and
pictures to make graphs
 Other Graph Lessons at the Smile Program
Mathematics Index:
 2) Collecting Data and Graphing (Grades 35) by J.
Ramsey, Jr. http://www.iit.edu/~smile/ma9412.html
 3) Counting And Graphing by V. Smith (Grades 12)
http://www.iit.edu/~smile/ma9514.html

 Data
Analysis, Probability and Statistics, and
Graphing (Grades 9 and Up)
 http://archon.educ.kent.edu/Oasis/Resc/Educ/data.html
 Reading charts and graphs, interpreting data, and
making decisions based on the information are key skills
to being a successful worker and an informed citizen.
Here are a series of activities designed to improve those
skills.
 Related Website:
 2) Data Analysis, Probability and Statistics, and
Graphing http://www.std.com/anpn/frame6.html

 Graphics
Calculators
 http://archives.math.utk.edu/calculator/
 If you have a graphing calculator (TI or otherwise),
use this page to discover a world of resources to help
you get the most out of it!

 Line
Graphs of Weather Forecasts (Grades 46) from
Teachnet
 http://www.kings.k12.ca.us/math/lessons/mandm.html
 The student will interpret data; make and read a line
graph, understand plotting points on an XY axis, and
round numbers.

 M
& M Math (Grade K) by K. Walker from Learn
NC
 http://www.learnnc.org/LearnNC/lessonp.nsf/0/C19AC51AB61AB0D28525
. . .
 Using small individual bags of M&Ms, students
will do activities to review their understanding of
estimating, sorting, graphing, mean, median, mode,
fractions, percentage, and averaging.
 Related Lesson Plans:
 2) Fruit Loops Graphing by S. Hanner (Grades 35)
http://www.utc.edu/~thecmath/lesson_plans/ShirleyHanner/thec98shanner.html
 3) M&M Graphing and Probability (Grades 15) from
AskERIC Lesson Plans http://ericir.syr.edu/Virtual/Lessons/Mathematics/Probability/PRB0005.html
 4) M & M Math by S. Finchum http://208.183.128.8/finchums/mandmmath.html

 Usage
and Interpretation of Graphs (Grades 36)
 http://yn.la.ca.us/cec/cecmath/cecmath.03.txt
 Students predict how many shoe eyelets are in the
classroom without looking at the other students'
shoes!

graph

data

bar

pie

plot

chart

vertical axis

horizontal axis

line

relationship

complex

simple

label

grid line

column

comparison

change

area

high
low

3D
surface

plot

radar

scatter

x y coordinates

percentage

visual

trend

software

spreadsheet

diagram

information

statistic

confusion

representation

numerical data

presentation

value

scale

increment

legend

statistics

graphic design



 Created by
Annette
Lamb and
Larry
Johnson, 9/00. Updated,
10/03.
